/Tabs /S 7 0 obj [35] researched density and kinematic viscosity for diesel-biodiesel fuel mixtures in the

/CropBox [0 0 595.3200073242 841.9199829102] temperatures of microalgae biodiesel-diesel fuel blends were determined, and linear correlation depending on biodiesel content was established to describe density and viscosity variations. /Parent 2 0 R /Rotate 0 ���=�B�������q%���ꨛϪ#���Q�}v���G��? /Group 18 0 R /Rotate 0 /StructParents 88

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>> /Parent 2 0 R ?~� �6r:�hLkf�'���̊����! »�MX٥� t�΋U)��� �W�Š��T���K^:]�D����U1*����,��qS۷�98�m��`]1"�����b� �~�+|�0����0л��&�Y���������K-T�/'Jޢ�_��^��*����۝U�L�a�e7��֠�'���(sUϞ�>?���A��J�4j��`3��'�����@)���ךX�^yM���~$J,Fv���bfGM-i�ٞܟ���*� �WA���3K|�i��{�쿈w�6z(�P�z��N����z�9�bJ����߿@а�*�t�ȲHd��@vC��LrTN/�aؾ����`��0����`��xm�L1�� ��%×����h�qjkc�Um���. /Contents 24 0 R �c��m���:ʯ��~���E�Zo��q. endobj In case of pure RME, pure diesel fuel, and a blend of both (B30), temperature dependence of dynamic viscosity and density was examined. 1 0 obj /StructParents 90 6 0 obj Viscosity (ASTM D 445) Kinematic viscosity is measured at 40°C using the procedure described in ASTM D 445. %PDF-1.5 Biodiesel is a liquid fuel that is created by chemically processing vegetable oil and altering its properties to make it perform more like petroleum diesel fuel. /MediaBox [0 0 595.3200073242 841.9199829102] /Rotate 0 Verduzco et al. endobj It was first evaluated seriously in the late 1970s but was not widely adopted at that time.The topic of biodiesel fuel has been receiving a great deal of interest recently, and both large- and small-scale manufacturers have started production at locations throughout the state. /Type /Page

/Parent 2 0 R /Group 15 0 R /Contents 17 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595.3200073242 841.9199829102] /CropBox [0 0 595.3200073242 841.9199829102] >>

[�����no'�����O�������/˧?->�_.nϯ.����x�C].N���?q� �79kf~v�$0������GϏ?z���u5�=~$�f}ݵ��3���� ��j� /Group 25 0 R ���ü ]�[email protected]��.��E�ο� ��Ȃ8�M��v��F��� X�[�*�l�ᇪ �a#�#���b��?6l����WՑ���6ǿ�0.�7���!��*�����TGz�� �@/��{��G�>����uu��+4�����8�'���ͧ,y� �����`�;[�Z� Biodiesel. endobj /Group 12 0 R Blending biodiesel into No. /Contents 14 0 R /Type /Page << temperature of 40 °C. >> 1 0 obj endobj /CropBox [0 0 595.3200073242 841.9199829102] 2 Diesel fuel that has a viscosity near its upper limit can result in a final blend with a viscosity that exceeds 4.1 mm 2 /s. Viscosity also influences the fuel delivery rate and the atomization of the fuel during injection. /Tabs /S 3 0 obj Biodiesel or FAME (fatty acid methyl ester) is an alternative diesel fuel derived from renewable feedstocks such as used cooking oils, rapeseed oil, animal fat or soybean oil. /Pages 2 0 R endobj �5Ū"���X�.+�v#km�7�F���H�8��n�l���C~]rnu#�-9���bU��W�����v��]��a�>��";�n����7��͓/����E���.�3����G�������7�y�h��7��w/�w?���o�=~�$+m�d�*h��߭�����luޔ�Jh*rU�������E&+Y����˛Lg����/�d��{x���Ӭ��6ʖy[֙�Un5M~� �������� /Filter /FlateDecode The ASTM biodiesel specification sets an acceptable range of between 1.9 and 6.0 mm2/sec for the higherthe viscosity. >> Too low viscosity may lead to a lack of lubrication. 2 0 obj /MediaBox [0 0 595.3200073242 841.9199829102] endobj 4 0 obj

2 0 obj %���� <>/Font<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 9 0 R 12 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> <> /Parent 2 0 R <<

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/Annots [20 0 R 21 0 R 22 0 R 23 0 R] /Resources 13 0 R /Version /1.4 3 0 obj /Type /Page /CropBox [0 0 595.3200073242 841.9199829102] /Length 27 0 R << To see how biodiesel—B5 and B100—and fryer grease compare with conventional petroleum diesel fuel, we converted a diesel-powered 2002 Volkswagen Jetta TDI so that it could operate on all three. 4 0 obj /Type /Page /Kids [3 0 R 4 0 R 5 0 R 6 0 R 7 0 R] /Tabs /S >> /StructParents 91 /Type /Catalog However, man… EN14214 stipulates an upper limit for the viscosity of 5.0 mm2/sec. /Tabs /S 5 0 obj stream /Contents 8 0 R

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stream /Rotate 0 /Group 9 0 R /Rotate 0 Learn the pros and cons of biodiesel vs. diesel, what's driving the market, and why you might want to consider making the transition to biodiesel yourself. >> /StructParents 92 <>



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