Legal Alert, July 2012. In the law of the United States, diversity jurisdiction is a form of subject-matter jurisdiction in civil procedure in which a United States district court in the federal judiciary has the power to hear a civil case when the amount in controversy exceeds $75,000 and where the persons that are parties are "diverse" in citizenship or state of incorporation (for corporations being legal persons), which generally indicates that they differ in state and/or nationality.
We want to thank the many law enforcement associations, civil rights organizations, academics, and others we met with or spoke to as part of this initiative - including the International Association of Chiefs of Police, Major Cities Chiefs Association, Women in Federal Law Enforcement, National Association of Women Law Enforcement Executives, Hispanic American Police Command Officers Association, National Asian Peace Officers Association, National Latino Peace Officers Association, National Organization of Black Law Enforcement Executives, Fraternal Order of Police, and National Association of Police Organizations - for their important contributions to the issues discussed in our report. "I honestly don't think that my racial background has had any influence on my ability to interact with the Evanston Police Department," he said. The leadership of Richmond PD understands that the diversity of its applicant pool is being undermined by the current climate of mistrust between law enforcement and communities of color, but the department utilizes community policing as a means to strengthen that trust and also to promote law enforcement as an honorable and rewarding career.
What's on this page? Full-time sworn officers participated in focus groups CPE facilitated in order to collect their personal experiences and perspectives on the recruitment, hiring, and retention practices utilized in their department, including whether they perceived these practices as being effective and fair.  Brian A. Reaves, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Local Police Departments, 2013: Personnel, Policies, and Practices, 1 (2015), http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/lpd13ppp.pdf. When drug use questions arise, the officers charged with recruitment and hiring go directly to an applicant for additional information before making a determination.
If a defendant later moves to the same state as the plaintiff while the action is pending, the federal court will still have jurisdiction.
The United States Congress has placed an additional barrier to diversity jurisdiction, the amount in controversy requirement.  Throughout this effort, the Department of Justice and the EEOC have explored barriers and promising practices related to other factors beyond race and gender, however, given limits in data and population size, the majority of this initiative and this report focuses on those two broad categories. Toward that end, in December 2015, the Department's Civil Rights Division and the EEOC launched a new research initiative, "Advancing Diversity in Law Enforcement," to identify barriers that undermine diversity in law enforcement and highlight promising practices that help agencies better reflect the diversity of the communities they serve. Still, the footprint of the recession continues to be apparent in conversations with the department staff. 01-cv-020, 2003 WL 21183641, at *1 (D. Del. However, the statute provides an exception that permits employers to discriminate on the basis of citizenship in hiring when such discrimination is required by law, regulation, executive order, or government contract. 1087, 1092 (E.D.N.Y.
Each agency was invited to discuss practices related to recruitment, hiring, and retention; this report highlights their most compelling endeavors across one or more of these areas. 07-cv-2067, 2011 WL 7661518, *16 (E.D.N.Y. Sixteen percent of full-time sworn officers are women.
 The racial composition of the population service area was determined using the Census Bureau's American Community Survey, for the 5-year period from 2007-2011. /content/aba-cms-dotorg/en/groups/litigation/committees/jiop/articles/2018/diversity-and-inclusion-in-the-law-challenges-and-initiatives. Incentivizing Diversity. This type of community engagement allows families to interact with the police department in a non-enforcement setting, and helps to further bolster awareness of - and positive perceptions about - the culture of Beaufort PD. “Diversity benefits us all, and the time to act on these long standing issues has well and truly arrived" Fiona Mcleod SC President of the Law Council of Australia.
Diverse law department personnel remain engaged in their roles and are employed by the organization because the department promotes, practices, and rewards diversity.
 Disparate enforcement of disciplinary policies and procedures on the basis of sex, race, religion, and/or national origin may also play a role in preventing the retention of minority and women law enforcement officers. Revisiting Who is Guarding the Guardians?  Melissa Hart, From Wards Coveto Ricci: Struggling Against the "Build-in Headwinds" of a Skeptical Court, 46 Wake Forest L. Rev. While there have been some exceptions, the research has historically suggested that, standing alone, increasing the number of racial minorities does not have a meaningful impact on a law enforcement agency's conduct.
Yet this challenge remains particularly urgent in the field of law enforcement.